Does a miscarriage terminate iddah?

miscarriage

Question:

Does a miscarriage terminate iddah?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, a pregnant woman’s iddah (waiting period) is the duration of pregnancy until delivery.

If a woman experiences a miscarriage, the state of the foetus will determine whether the iddah has expired or not.  If the foetus’ limbs were partially formed, then the iddah will expire due to such a miscarriage.

If the foetus was not formed at all, the woman will have to complete the waiting period otherwise.  Namely, three menstruation cycles, three months or 4 months and 10 days in the event of death.[1]

And Allah Ta’ālā Knows Best

Mufti Faraz al-Mahmudi,
www.darulfiqh.com


[1]  وَشَرْطُ انْقِضَاءِ هَذِهِ الْعِدَّةِ أَنْ يَكُونَ مَا وَضَعَتْ قَدْ اسْتَبَانَ خَلْقُهُ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَبِنْ خَلْقُهُ رَأْسًا بِأَنْ أَسْقَطَتْ عَلَقَةً أَوْ مُضْغَةً لَمْ تَنْقَضِ الْعِدَّةُ كَذَا فِي الْبَدَائِعِ. (الهندية ج 1 ص 529 الرشيدية)

إِذَا أَسْقَطَتْ سِقْطًا إنْ اسْتَبَانَ بَعْضُ خَلْقِهِ انْقَضَتْ بِهِ الْعِدَّةُ لِأَنَّهُ وُلِدَ وَإِلَّا فَلَا (حاشية ابن عابدين ج 3 ص 512 أيج أيم سعيد)

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