Fiqh of Sadaqah al-fitr (Glance & Go)

  • Whoever possesses assets beyond his necessities, equivalent to the value of 612.36g of silver, he will be obliged to pay sadaqah al-fitr. (Sharh fath al-qadeer 2/286 Dar al-kutub al-ilmiyyah)

 

  • one will have to pay Sadaqah al-fitr on behalf of himself and his minor dependents. (Ad-dur al-mukhtaar p.140 Dar al-kutub al-ilmiyyah)

 

  • It will be permissible for their guardian to dispense of Sadaqah al-fitr from their wealth, if they are rich. (Fataawa al-Hindiyyah 1/211 Dar al-kutub al-ilmiyyah)

 

  • A husband will not be responsible to pay Sadaqah al-fitr on behalf of his wife, nor his mature children.  (Sharh fath al-qadeer 2/289-290 dar al-kutub al-ilmiyyah)
  • Mature children who are in possession of the quantum (nisaab) are responsible to pay sadaqah al-fitr for themselves. (Al-fiqh al-islami wa adillatuhu 2/903 Dar al-fikr)

 

  • it will be permissible for a husband to discharge of sadaqah al-fitr on behalf of his wife.  Equally a father can pay on behalf of his mature children.(Sharh fath al-qadeer 2/289-290 dar al-kutub al-ilmiyyah)

 

  • The Ahaadith mention the following standards:

1)      1 saa’ (3.2kg) of barley OR

2)      1 saa’ (3.2kg) of dates OR

3)      ½ saa’ (1.6kg) of wheat OR

4)      1 saa’ (3.2kg) raisins

 

  • It is permissible to give the value of the above in cash. (Rad al-muhtaar 3/322 Dar al-kutub al-ilmiyyah)

 

  • Only the value of wheat should be considered (not the value of barley or dates). (Rad al-muhtaar 3/322 Dar al-kutub al-ilmiyyah)

 

  • When calculating the price of wheat, one will consider the price and value of the area they dwell in. (al-bahr ar-raa’iq 2/400 Dar al-kutub al-ilmiyyah)

 

  • It is recommended to pay the sadaqah al-fitr before attending the place where ‘Eid salaah will be performed. (Sharh fath al-qadeer 2/305 Dar al-kutub al-ilmiyyah)

 

  • The scholars are unanimous that the recipients of sadaqah al-fitr are identical to that of Zakaat.  Currently, only the poor, needy, debtor, the mujahideen and the travellers are eligible to receiving Zakaat and sadaqah al-fitr funds.

 

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