Is it permissible to use Zakat funds to pay for the utilities of a building serving the poor?

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Question:

Is it permissible to use Zakat funds to pay for the utilities of a building serving the poor?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The fundamental principle of Zakāt is TamlīkTamlīk refers to the transferral of ownership of a tangible item unconditionally from the Zakāt payer to the recipient.  The needy person must receive an item of monetary value in his ownership.

When providing a service, Tamlīk does not take place.  Hence, Zakāt funds cannot be used to pay for utility bills of a property caring for the poor and needy.[1]

You can avail of this great reward by forwarding Sadaqah funds.  To look after and support the poor is a great service which the Ummah really needs today.

And Allah Ta’ālā Knows Best

Mufti Faraz Adam al-Mahmudi,
www.darulfiqh.com

Concurred by,
Mufti Faisal bin Abdul Hameed al-Mahmudi
www.fatwa.ca

 


[1]  (قَوْلُهُ فَلَوْ أَسْكَنَ إلَخْ) عَزَاهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ إلَى الْكَشْفِ الْكَبِيرِ وَقَالَ قَبْلَهُ وَالْمَالُ كَمَا صَرَّحَ بِهِ أَهْلُ الْأُصُولِ مَا يُتَمَوَّلُ وَيُدَّخَرُ لِلْحَاجَةِ، وَهُوَ خَاصٌّ بِالْأَعْيَانِ فَخَرَجَ بِهِ تَمْلِيكُ الْمَنَافِعِ. اهـ. (رد المحتار ج 2 ص 257 أيج أيم سعيد)

فَلَوْ أَطْعَمَ يَتِيمًا نَاوِيًا الزَّكَاةَ لَا يَجْزِيهِ إلَّا إذَا دَفَعَ إلَيْهِ الْمَطْعُومَ (الدر المختار ج 2 ص 257 أيج أيم سعيد)

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