Is it permissible to work in a gas/petrol station where they sell alcohol?

gas station

Question:

I work in a gas station.  They sell beer, wine, cigarettes etc.  They make most of their money by selling gas.  I work there as an assistant manager and usually work in the morning.  In the morning they don’t really sell beer or wine but they do sell cigarettes.  Since I work there as an assistant manager, I try my best to stay away from doing haram things there like standing on the register, filing up the beer cooler and many other haram, but I can’t stay away from them all the time.  I prefer to do halal things there like cleaning, making coffee, filling up the non alcoholic beverages cooler, fixing candies etc.  I also have to place grocery order twice a week there.  I don’t make the order of beer or wine but making cigarette orders is part of job.  Please help me.  Is my job halal?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

As a principle, when analysing the Shari’ah compliancy of any job, one must examine the nature of the job itself.  If the hours at work are spent in permissible activities, then the job will be permissible.  If the work rendered is impermissible, the job will be impermissible.[1]

You state you do the cleaning, make coffee, fill up the non alcoholic beverages cooler, fix candies and make orders for stock.  These jobs you do at the gas station are of a halāl nature. [2]

With regards to scanning alcohol at the register, it is permissible according to the view of Imām Abu Hanīfah rahimahullah.  The person who stands at a register is merely scanning and handing over the item bought to the customer.    The individual at the cash register is similar to one who transports wine.  The opinion of Imām Abu Hanīfah regarding the transporter of wine is that it is permissible to do so.  Such a job does not constitute to assistance in sin.  The hadīth which states that the transporter of wine is accursed is referring to the one who intends sin when transporting the wine.[3]   The cashier here does not intend sin, he merely intends to do his job and check out the item on behalf of the buyer.[4]

Likewise, when filling up the beer cooler, you are not giving wine to anybody to drink.  You are merely transporting it to another place.  Hence, according to Imam Abu Hanīfah rahimahullah, this will also be permissible.  According to Imam Abu Yūsuf and Imam Muhammad rahimahumllah, the above jobs do constitute in sin and will be regarded as assistance in sin.  The juristic view of Imam Abū Hanīfah rahimahullah in this issue can be acted upon.        

In conclusion, your job at the gas station is permissible and the income is also halāl.  However, still try your utmost to stay away from the alcohol considering the view of Imam Abu Yūsuf and Imam Muhammad.  Taqwā (Allah consciousness) demands one to stay away from such jobs wherein one is acquainted with harām substances frequently, even though the job itself may be permissible.         

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mufti Faraz ibn Adam al-Mahmudi

www.darulfiqh.com

 


[1]  في رد المحتار على الدر المختار

(قَوْلُهُ وَجَازَ تَعْمِيرُ كَنِيسَةٍ) قَالَ فِي الْخَانِيَّةِ: وَلَوْ آجَرَ نَفْسَهُ لِيَعْمَلَ فِي الْكَنِيسَةِ وَيُعَمِّرَهَا لَا بَأْسَ بِهِ لِأَنَّهُ لَا مَعْصِيَةَ فِي عَيْنِ الْعَمَلِ (ج 6 ص 391 أيج أيم سعيد)

وفي الفتاوى الهندية

مُسْلِمٌ آجَرَ نَفْسَهُ مِنْ مَجُوسِيٍّ لِيُوقِدَ لَهُ النَّارَ لَا بَأْسَ بِهِ. كَذَا فِي الْخُلَاصَةِ. (ج 4 ص 450 دار الفكر)

وفي فتاوى قاضي خان

لو أن مسلما آجر نفسه ليعمل في الكنيسة و يعمرها لا بأس به لأنه لا معصية في عين العمل (ج 3 ص 330 دار الكتب العلمية)

[2] وفي مجلة الأحكام العدلية

مادة 562 يجوز  إجارة  الآدمي للخدمة أو لإجراء صنعة  ببيان مدة أو بتعيين العمل (ص 105 قديمي كتب خانه)

[3] وفي الاختيار لتعليل المختار

(وَمِنْ حَمَلَ خَمْرًا لِذِمِّيٍّ طَابَ لَهُ الْأَجْرُ) وَقَالَا: يُكْرَهُ لِأَنَّهُ أَعَانَهُ عَلَى الْمَعْصِيَةِ. وَفِي الْحَدِيثِ: «لَعَنَ اللَّهُ فِي الْخَمْرِ عَشْرًا ” وَعَدَّ مِنْهُمْ ” حَامِلَهَا» وَلَهُ أَنَّ الْمَعْصِيَةَ شُرْبُهَا، وَلَيْسَ مِنْ ضَرُورَاتِ الْحَمْلِ وَهُوَ فِعْلُ فَاعِلٍ مُخْتَارٍ، وَمَحْمَلُ الْحَدِيثِ الْحَمْلُ لِقَصْدِ الْمَعْصِيَةِ حَتَّى لَوْ حَمَلَهَا يُرِيقُهَا أَوْ لِيُخَلِّلُهَا جَازَ (ج 2 ص 394 دار قباء) 

وفي تبيين الحقائق

(وَحَمْلُ خَمْرٍ لِذِمِّيٍّ بِأَجْرٍ) أَيْ جَازَ ذَلِكَ أَيْضًا، وَهَذَا عِنْدَ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ – رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ -، وَقَالَا هُوَ مَكْرُوهٌ؛ لِأَنَّهُ – عَلَيْهِ الصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ – لَعَنَ فِي الْخَمْرِ عَشَرَةً، وَعَدَّ مِنْهَا حَامِلَهَا، وَلَهُ أَنَّ الْإِجَارَةَ عَلَى الْحَمْلِ، وَهُوَ لَيْسَ بِمَعْصِيَةٍ، وَلَا تَسَبُّبٍ لَهَا، وَإِنَّمَا تَحْصُلُ الْمَعْصِيَةُ بِفِعْلِ فَاعِلٍ مُخْتَارٍ، وَلَيْسَ الشُّرْبُ مِنْ ضَرُورَاتِ الْحَمْلِ؛ لِأَنَّ حَمْلَهَا قَدْ يَكُونُ لِلْإِرَاقَةِ أَوْ التَّخْلِيلِ فَصَارَ كَمَا لَوْ اسْتَأْجَرَهُ لِعَصْرِ الْعِنَبِ أَوْ قَطْفِهِ، وَالْحَدِيثُ مَحْمُولٌ عَلَى الْحَمْلِ الْمَقْرُونِ بِقَصْدِ الْمَعْصِيَةِ، وَعَلَى هَذَا الْخِلَافِ إذَا آجَرَهُ دَابَّةً لِيَنْقُلَ عَلَيْهَا الْخَمْرَ أَوْ آجَرَهُ نَفْسَهُ لِيَرْعَى لَهُ الْخَنَازِيرَ فَإِنَّهُ يَطِيبُ لَهُ الْأَجْرُ عِنْدَ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ – رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ (ج 6 ص 29 مكتبة إمدادية) 

[4] وفي خلاصة الكلام في مسألة الإعانة على الحرام

المعتمد في الفساد هو قصد المشتري لا البائع، فقال بعد ذكر المسألة: لا فساد في قصد البائع، فإن قصده التجارة بالتصرف فيما هو حلال لاكتساب الربح، وإنما المحرم والفساد في قصد المشتري اتخاذ الخمر منه (ص 19)

 

 

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2 comments on “Is it permissible to work in a gas/petrol station where they sell alcohol?

  1. Assalamaualaikum
    read your fatwah and would like to know which view is final muftaa bihi?imam abu hanifahs qawl? or imam yusuf n muhammad rh?
    ws
    jazakumullah khair

    • Wa Alaykum Salaam,

      Respected brother.

      I could not locate a clear mention of the mufta bihi opinion in the books of fiqh. The default rule is that Imam Abu Hanifah’s opinion is mufta bihi if there is no clear mention anywhere.

      And Allah knows best

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