Is the Hadith on performing Fajr when there is brightness authentic?

dawn

Question:

What is the authenticity of the following Hadith;

Raafi’ ibn Khadeej R.A. has narrated that he heard the messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) Saying:
“Offer the Fajr Salaah when it is considerably bright because its reward is greater.”
(Jami Tirmidhi; 1/40 | Sunan Abi Dawood; 1/67 | Sunan Nasa’i; 1/94) 

Please Tell me with references and with quotes of Scholars about this hadith.

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The Hadīth referred to is:

عَنْ رَافِعِ بْنِ خَدِيجٍ، قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ: «أَسْفِرُوا بِالفَجْرِ، فَإِنَّهُ أَعْظَمُ لِلأَجْرِ»

Takhrīj:

From among the many books of Hadīth, the following are a few which quote the Hadīth with slight variations in the wording:

1)    Sunan Abū Dāwūd

2)    Sunan Nasa’ī

3)    Sunan Tirmidhī

4)    Musnad Ahmad

5)    Musannaf Ibn Abī Shaybah

6)    Musnad Bazzār

7)    Sahīh Ibn Hibbān

8)    Mu’jam al-Kabīr

Authenticity:

1)    Imam Tirmidhī rahimahullah states that the Hadīth is ‘Hasan Sahīh’[1]

2)    Hafidh Ibn Hajar al-Asqalānī rahimahullah states that a number of Muhaddithīn have stated this narration to be authentic.[2]

 

There is a difference of opinion among the scholars with respect to the meaning of this Hadith.

 

And Allah Ta’ālā Knows Best

Mufti Faraz Adam al-Mahmudi,
www.darulfiqh.com

 


[1]  «حَدِيثُ رَافِعِ بْنِ خَدِيجٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ» (سنن الترمذي رقم الحديث 154)

[2]  وَأَمَّا مَا رَوَاهُ أَصْحَابُ السُّنَنِ وَصَحَّحَهُ غَيْرُ وَاحِدٍ مِنْ حَدِيثِ رَافِعِ بْنِ خَدِيجٍ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَسْفِرُوا بِالْفَجْرِ فَإِنَّهُ أَعْظَمُ لِلْأَجْرِ (فتح الباري ج 2 ص 52 دار المعرفة)

About the author:

. Follow him on Twitter / Facebook.