Alhamdulillah, the Darul Iftaa was blessed with the visit of Hadhrat Maulana Ibrahim Pandor Sahib (daamat barakatuhum) on Monday 26th December 2011. Hadhrat was accompanied with his associates. Hadhrat is from amongst the most senior khulafaa (successors) of Hadhrat Mufti Mahmood al-Hasan Gangohi rahimahullah. Hadhrat Maulana (daamat barakatuhum) is from the awliyaa of Allah. He was in the service of Hadhrat Mufti Mahmood al-Hasan Gangohi rahimahullah for over 20 years. He is a master is the science of tazkiyyah. Hadhrat Maulana’s visit at the Darul Iftaa was unexpected but was very fruitful and productive.
A question had come on the Dar al-mahmood website asking whether tasawwuf is a bid’ah or not. (Dar al-Mahmood is a website which fields questions and answers on sulook and tazkiyah). Hadhrat Mufti Ebrahim Desai Sahib (Daamat barakaatuhum) had answered the question. He then read aloud the answer in the presence of Hadhrat for Hadhrat to do islaah (rectify) of the answer and to seek the barakah from Hadhrat Maulana Ibrahim Sahib. This was also the practice in the majlis of Hadhrat Mufti Mahmood al-Hasan Gangohi rahimahullah. His students would come and read their answers on tazkiyyah related issues for correction. Hadhrat Mufti Ebrahim Desai Sahib (daamat barakatuhum) emulating the practice of these illustrious personalities, read his answer unto Hadhrat Maulana Ibrahim Sahib (daamat barakatuhum). The answer is as follows:
The thought that tasawwuf is bi’dah could be due to several reasons. It is possible that some people conduct certain practices against shari’ah in the name of tasawwuf that are obviously wrong. If your father believes that tasawwuf is bidah due to this reason, then he is correct.
The reality of tasawwuf is Tazkiyya (purification) of one’s naf’s.
We are created from sand, water, fire and air. Each one of these elements reflects a certain character in a person.
Anger is the reflection of fire in a person. Humbleness is the reflection of the sand in person. Water reflex’s itself through a person’s intelligence. Arrogance is the outcome of the air in person.
In tazkiyya, the focus is to bring a balance in all natural instincts. The purpose is not to eliminate the natural instincts.
Anger and pride are natural. Arrogance and humbleness are also natural instincts. In tazkiyya, the focus is on controlling the natural instincts and avoiding every instinct form exceeding moderation.
Excessive anger is bad. To be humble is praiseworthy. However at times it is inappropriate. All other evils of the nafs flow from these evils.
Tazkiyya of the nafs is one of the missions of Rasulullah (s.a.w).
هُوَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ فِي الْأُمِّيِّينَ رَسُولًا مِنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ -سورة الجمعة 2
“It is He who has sent among the unlettered a Messenger from themselves reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book and wisdom – although they were before in clear error.”
When a person does not concentrate in rectifying his soul, he feels uneasy within himself. His family life is in chaos. He has marital problems. His children are disobedient to him. His social life is a burden for him. To a large extent, if one honestly examines himself, he will conclude that he is the problem.
He did not contain his nafs. His problems are the consequences of his nafs. Had he controlled his nafs, the position would be different.
Everyone knows when he is following his nafs. Allah has given everyone an ultra sense to determine that. If one examines his challenges in life honestly, he will conclude that he brought his problems upon himself.
ظَهَرَ الْفَسَادُ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِي النَّاسِ لِيُذِيقَهُمْ بَعْضَ الَّذِي عَمِلُوا لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ -سورة الروم 41
Corruption has appeared throughout the land and sea by [reason of] what the hands of people have earned so He may let them taste part of [the consequence of] what they have done that perhaps they will return [to righteousness].
If one is able to purify his nafs himself well and good. If one cannot do so, he should seek the assistance from a spiritual doctor.
If one is physically sick, he consults a doctor. Similarly; a spiritually ill person should also consult a spiritual doctor to cure his spiritual sickness. If one denies this, his condition will worsen.
A spiritual guide who has undergone spiritual training under a sheikh kamil will apply his skills and expertise in curing one form his spiritual diseases.
A spiritual guide adheres to shariah and the Sunnah and all aspects of shariah. When one sits in his company or hear his talks or listens to his zikr, he feels spiritual enlightenment in his heart. The above is a brief explanation on the philosophy of tasawwuf.
Mufti Sahib asked Maulana Ibrahim Pandor Sahib (daamat barakatuhum) to add to the discussion. He said:
Tasawwuf also comprises of fulfilling the rights of others. By fulfilling the rights of others, it creates a balance. To be conscious of fulfilling the rights is very important. This will impact husband-wife, employer-employee and seller-purchaser relationship.
One person was addicted to drinking alcohol. He would come home every night drunk. His wife would take him straight to his room and put him to sleep. If anybody came to the house, the wife would say the husband is sleeping. She never disclosed his fault to anybody. The whole night she would make dua to Allah that He grants her husband guidance and hidaayah. A time came when Haji Padia (a famous worker in the effort of da’wat and tabligh) when to his house in gusht and took him. The man disclosed his weakness to Haji Padia rahimahullah. Haji Padia rahimahullah replied,
“We will be in the masjid, you cannot do these things there. If you need to go and drink, don’t worry, my car is outside in the car park, you can go there and fulfil your need nobody will come to know.”
So this person came the next day to the masjid. He sat in the talk and listened attentively. After that his heart just changed. He did tawbah and performed his missed salaah, gave his outstanding Zakaat and fasts.
So one means of rectification in marital disputes is for the spouse to make dua for the other spouse. Talaaq should never be promoted. It is the most disliked of acts from the permissible acts.
Hadhrat Maulana then gave the following advices:
A student who qualifies from a madrasah has two desires: Iftaa or marriage. The paramount thing is nibaah; we know how to fulfil each others rights. If we have this, then everything will be ok.
The community look up at Muftis. If the Muftis’ conducts are well, the community will be well. Once Imam Abu Hanifah rahimahullah was once walking in a slippery path, where a little girl was slipping and falling down. Imam Abu Hanifah rahimahullah went to help her, so the little girl said to him,
“Do not worry about me. If I slip, I will get hurt, if you slip the whole ummah will slip.”
Our Hadhrat (Mufti Mahmood al-Hasan rahimahullah) had a lot of foresight. When somebody would come to ask a question, he already knew what was the driving force behind it. He would have the answer ever ready.
Once a person came to Hadhrat and said he was not comfortable with the imam’s actions so he stopped performing salaah in the masjid. He repeated his question again and again. Hadhrat responded,
“Review your imaan, think which sin has caused you to be distanced you from the masjid?”
This was a summary of what Hadhrat Maulana Ibrahim Pandor Sahib (daamat barakatuhum) said. Allah give us the ability to practice upon what Hadhrat said. Ameen.