What is the penalty for carrying a baby with a dirty nappy in Tawaf?

tawaf

Question:

What is the penalty for carrying a baby with a dirty nappy in Tawaf?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, to be free from najāsah hukmiyyah (legal impurity) is a pre-requisite for the validity of ṭawāf.  Being in a state of najāsah ḥukmiyyah would result in a penalty.  Thus one must be in the state of wuḍū’ when performing ṭawāf.

According to the majority opinion in the Hanafī school of Fiqh, it is sunnah mu’akkadah (emphasised practice) to be free from najāsah ḥaqīqiyyah (real impurity) during ṭawāf.  Hence, it is emphasised not to have any urine, blood or stool on oneself or one’s clothing during ṭawāf.[1]

Having najāsah ḥaqīqiyyah on oneself or clothes will not result in a penalty.  However, if the amount of najāsah is more than a dirham (2.75cm in diameter) on one’s body or clothes, it will be severely disliked to perform ṭawāf in such a state.[2]

Having understood the above, another principle to understand is that the najāsah in the nappy of a baby will only be ascribed to the parent if the child cannot walk as yet and doesn’t have self-control.

If the baby can walk and has control over itself, the najāsah will not be ascribed to the parent.[3]

Therefore, if the baby cannot walk and has a dirty nappy where the najāsah is more than the size of a dirham, one’s ṭawāf will be valid but will be makrūh (severely disliked).

In addition, knowingly bringing such a baby with a dirty nappy into the Masjid is also disliked.[4]

In conclusion, there is no penalty binding by performing ṭawāf whilst holding a baby with a dirty nappy.  However, it will decrease one’s reward and bring karāhah (dislike) to one’s ṭawāf.

And Allah Ta’ālā Knows Best

Mufti Faraz Adam al-Mahmudi,
www.darulfiqh.com

 

 

 


[1]  (وَالطَّهَارَةُ فِيهِ) مِنْ النَّجَاسَةِ الْحُكْمِيَّةِ عَلَى الْمَذْهَبِ قِيلَ وَالْحَقِيقِيَّةِ مِنْ ثَوْبٍ وَبَدَنٍ وَمَكَانِ طَوَافٍ وَالْأَكْثَرُ عَلَى أَنَّهُ سُنَّةٌ مُؤَكَّدَةٌ كَمَا فِي شَرْحِ لُبَابِ الْمَنَاسِكِ

(قَوْلُهُ وَالْأَكْثَرُ عَلَى أَنَّهُ) أَيْ هَذَا النَّوْعُ مِنْ الطَّهَارَةِ فِي الثَّوْبِ وَالْبَدَنِ سُنَّةٌ مُؤَكَّدَةٌ شَرْحُ اللُّبَابِ بَلْ قَالَ فِي الْفَتْحِ: وَمَا فِي بَعْضِ الْكُتُبِ مِنْ أَنَّ بِنَجَاسَةِ الثَّوْبِ كُلِّهِ يَجِبُ الدَّمُ لَا أَصْلَ لَهُ فِي الرِّوَايَةِ. اهـ.

وَفِي الْبَدَائِعِ إنَّهُ سُنَّةٌ فَلَوْ طَافَ وَعَلَى ثَوْبِهِ نَجَاسَةٌ أَكْثَرُ مِنْ الدِّرْهَمِ لَا يَلْزَمُهُ شَيْءٌ بَلْ يُكْرَهُ لِإِدْخَالِ النَّجَاسَةِ الْمَسْجِدَ. اهـ. (الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين ج 2 ص 469)

إرشاد الساري ص 214 مؤسسة الريان

[2]  إرشاد الساري ص 501 مؤسسة الريان

[3]  ثُمَّ إنَّمَا يُعْتَبَرُ الْمَانِعُ مُضَافًا إلَيْهِ ، فَلَوْ جَلَسَ الصَّبِيُّ الْمُتَنَجِّسُ الثَّوْبِ وَالْبَدَنِ فِي حِجْرِ الْمُصَلِّي وَهُوَ يَسْتَمْسِكُ أَوْ الْحَمَامُ الْمُتَنَجِّسُ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ جَازَتْ صَلَاتُهُ لِأَنَّهُ الَّذِي يَسْتَعْمِلُهُ فَلَمْ يَكُنْ حَامِلَ النَّجَاسَةِ ، بِخِلَافِ مَا لَوْ حَمَلَ مَنْ لَا يَسْتَمْسِكُ حَيْثُ يَصِيرُ مُضَافًا إلَيْهِ فَلَا يَجُوزُ (فتح القدير

[4]  وَفِي الْبَدَائِعِ إنَّهُ سُنَّةٌ فَلَوْ طَافَ وَعَلَى ثَوْبِهِ نَجَاسَةٌ أَكْثَرُ مِنْ الدِّرْهَمِ لَا يَلْزَمُهُ شَيْءٌ بَلْ يُكْرَهُ لِإِدْخَالِ النَّجَاسَةِ الْمَسْجِدَ. اهـ. (الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين ج 2 ص 469)

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