What is the ruling of salah performed with a slight deviation from the Qiblah?

Makkah from Crescent

Question:

I moved to cities 8 years ago and when I moved in my house I had checked the qibla and the book stated 25 degrees for London and all localities so I was praying in that direction for 8 years, a few days ago I checked on qiblalocator.com and there I viewed the qibla of my house and there it shows the qibla is 28 degrees for Leicester for 25 degrees meant I was praying facing slightly to the right and now 28.90 degrees means I am praying facing the left, please can you tell me what happens to the prayers I prayed in the last 8 years?.
Jazakallah khair.

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

When a person is in proximity to the Ka`bah and can see the Ka`bah, his Qiblah (direction for ṣalāh) is the actual Ka`bah itself.

When a person is distant from the Ka`bah and cannot see the Ka`bah, his Qiblah is the direction of the Ka`bah.

A person should try to accurately face the Ka`bah to the best of his ability.  However, facing upto 45 degrees away from the Ka`bah either way will not nullify one’s ṣalāh.

Therefore, the ṣalāh performed in the previous 8 years is valid.[1]

And Allah Ta’ālā Knows Best

Mufti Faraz Adam al-Mahmudi,
www.darulfiqh.com


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[1]  بَلْ الْمَفْهُومُ مِمَّا قَدَّمْنَاهُ عَنْ الْمِعْرَاجِ وَالدُّرَرِ مِنْ التَّقْيِيدِ بِحُصُولِ زَاوِيَتَيْنِ قَائِمَتَيْنِ عِنْدَ انْتِقَالِ الْمُسْتَقْبِلِ لِعَيْنِ الْكَعْبَةِ يَمِينًا أَوْ يَسَارًا أَنَّهُ لَا يَصِحُّ لَوْ كَانَتْ إحْدَاهُمَا حَادَّةً وَالْأُخْرَى مُنْفَرِجَةً بِهَذِهِ الصُّورَةِ: وَالْحَاصِلُ أَنَّ الْمُرَادَ بِالتَّيَامُنِ وَالتَّيَاسُرِ الِانْتِقَالُ عَنْ عَيْنِ الْكَعْبَةِ إلَى جِهَةِ الْيَمِينِ أَوْ الْيَسَارِ لَا الِانْحِرَافُ، لَكِنْ وَقَعَ فِي كَلَامِهِمْ مَا يَدُلُّ عَلَى أَنَّ الِانْحِرَافَ لَا يَضُرُّ؛ فَفِي الْقُهُسْتَانِيِّ: وَلَا بَأْسَ بِالِانْحِرَافِ انْحِرَافًا لَا تَزُولُ بِهِ الْمُقَابَلَةُ بِالْكُلِّيَّةِ، بِأَنْ يَبْقَى شَيْءٌ مِنْ سَطْحِ الْوَجْهِ مُسَامِتًا لِلْكَعْبَةِ. اهـ. (حاشية ابن عابدين ج 1 ص 429 السعيد)

وَتُعْتَبَرُ الْجِهَةُ دُونَ الْعَيْنِ.

كَذَا ذَكَرَ الْكَرْخِيُّ وَالرَّازِي، وَهُوَ قَوْلُ عَامَّةِ مَشَايِخِنَا بِمَا وَرَاءَ النَّهْرِ (بدائع الصنائع ج 1 ص 118 دار الكتب)

أحسن الفتاوى ج 2 ص 313 السعيد

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