Can Jumuah salāh be performed in a place where five times salāh do not take place?

jumuah salah

Question:

Asalaamu alaykum,

Next to my work place we have a small musallaa wherein three to four fardh salaah take place and athaan also takes place.  My boss wants us to start praying jumuah.  Would it be alright because not all 5 salaah take place?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Jumu῾ah will be valid with the followings conditions: 

1)    Jumu῾ah salāh takes place in a city or in the outskirts of a city

2)    There has to be an imām to lead the salāh

3)    It must take place in the time of zuhr

4)    The khutbah (sermon) must take place in the time of zuhr prior to the salāh.  There must be at least one person to listen to the khutbah.

5)    General consent for people to attend.

6)    A congregation of at least three men besides the imam.[i]

It is not necessary for Jumuah salāh that it be performed in a masjid.  However, the reward acquired in a masjid will be greater than that of a musallā.  In conclusion, as long as the above conditions are met, the performance of Jumuah in a musallā where not all the salāh take place will be valid.[ii]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mufti Faraz

www.darulfiqh.com

 



[i] ففي نور الإيضاح

ويشترط لصحتها ستة أشياء:

1 – المصر أو فناؤه.

2 – والسلطان أو نائبه.

3 – ووقت الظهر فلا تصح قبله وتبطل بخروجه.

4 – والخطبة:

“1 – قبلها. 2 – بقصدها.

3 – في وقتها. 4 – وحضور أحد لسماعها.

5 – ممن تنعقد بهم الجمعة ولو واحدا في الصحيح”.

5 – والإذن العام.

6 – والجماعة وهم ثلاثة رجال غير الإمام ولو كانوا:

1 – عبيدا. 2 – أو مسافرين. 3 – أو مرضى. (ص 102 المكتبة العصرية)

 

[ii] وفي مجمع الأنهر في شرح ملتقى الأبحر

وَالْحُكْمُ غَيْرُ مَقْصُورٍ عَلَى الْمُصَلَّى بَلْ تَجُوزُ فِي أَفْنِيَةِ الْمِصْرِ (ج 1 ص 165 دار إحياء التراث العربي)

 

وفي تبيين الحقائق

قَالَ – رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ – (أَوْ مُصَلَّاهُ) أَيْ مُصَلَّى الْمِصْرِ وَهُوَ مَعْطُوفٌ عَلَى الْمِصْرِ يَعْنِي شَرْطُ أَدَائِهَا الْمِصْرُ أَوْ مُصَلَّاهُ وَالْحُكْمُ غَيْرُ مَقْصُورٍ عَلَى الْمُصَلَّى بَلْ يَجُوزُ فِي جَمِيعِ أَفْنِيَةِ الْمِصْرِ؛ لِأَنَّهَا بِمَنْزِلَتِهِ فِي حَقِّ حَوَائِجِ أَهْلِ الْمِصْرِ؛ (ج 1 ص 218 مكتبة إمدادية)

 

وكذا في فتاوى محمودية ج 12 ص 326 مكتبة محمودية

وكذا في فتاوى رحيمية ج 6 ص 101 دار الإشاعت

وكذا في فتاوى حقانية ج 3 ص 388 مكتبة سيد أحمد شهيد

 

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One comment on “Can Jumuah salāh be performed in a place where five times salāh do not take place?

  1. As Salaamu Alaikum…!!!!

    Jazaakallahu Khairan Mufti Sahab….

    Your valuable reply has really solved the problem of many Muslim students who are studying in a Non-Islamic Institution/country where many of them aren’t getting time to go to Masjid and Perform Jumaa’h. Now onwards Insha Allah many muslim students can at least perform Jumaa’h in their College Campuses.

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