How do I perform Salah on an aeroplane?

aeroplane

Question:

I would like to ask about Salaat on an aeroplane.  I find it hard to perform salaat on the plane.  I pray all the salaat when I return home.  My friend said I must pray on the plane.  Please tell me how do I pray on the plane?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

A Muslim should be very conscious of Salāh.  Salāh is the hallmark of a believer.  Salāh is nourishment for the soul.  We should not compromise our principles and value system at any cost.  The harms of failing to perform one Salāh in its correct time  are far greater than losing all of one’s family and wealth. 

The Prophet salallahu alaihi wasallam said,

“Whoever has missed his Asr salāh (on time), it is as if he has lost all his family and wealth.”[1] 

The rulings of Salāh on an aeroplane are similar to Salāh on a boat or ship.[2]   Although it is permissible and valid to perform Salāh on an aeroplane, if one can perform the Salāh on time before departure or upon landing, then it is better to perform the Salāh on the ground.[3]

It is incumbent to perform Salāh standing, performing the Rukū’ and Sajdah properly facing the Qiblah whilst onboard an aeroplane. 

Standing (qiyam) is an integral in Salāh.[4]  It is necessary to stand (Qiyām) when performing the Fardh (obligatory) Salāh on an aeroplane.  One cannot sit on his seat and perform the prayer.[5] 

If the aeroplane is experiencing severe turbulence and the Salāh time is about to expire, one may perform

Salāh sitting on the ground.[6]  This salāh will not have to be repeated.  However, Salāh on one’s seat is not valid.[7]  Many people out of laziness and shyness perform their Salāh on their seat.  This is not permissible.  One will be accountable in the court of Allah for not offering the Salāh correctly. 

If Salāh could not be performed standing and as a last resort one had to perform Salāh whilst sitting on his seat, then he/she will have to repeat this prayer upon landing.[8]

The times of Salāh should be determined according to one’s current geographical location in the air.[9]  The timings of Salāh in the place of origin or destination should be not considered whilst travelling.  One may monitor the movements of the sun or search online for the times of Salāh for his/her journey.  

Another integral of salāh is facing the Qiblah.  It is necessary to face the Qiblah when performing Salāh on an aeroplane.  A divergence of up to 45 degrees to the left or right of the true direction of the Qiblah is overlooked.  If one performed Salā hh facing beyond 45 degrees from the true direction of the Qiblah, then that salāh will be invalid.[10]

 And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mufti Faraz ibn Adam al-Mahmudi,
www.darulfiqh.com



[1]  عَنْ سَالِمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، قَالَ: «مَنْ فَاتَتْهُ الْعَصْرُ، فَكَأَنَّمَا وُتِرَ أَهْلَهُ وَمَالَهُ» (صحيح مسلم رقم الحديث 201)

[2]  أحسن الفتاوى ج 4 ص 90 أيج أيم سعيد

[3]  أَمَّا الصَّلَاةُ في السَّفِينَةِ فَالْمُسْتَحَبُّ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ من السَّفِينَةِ لِلْفَرِيضَةِ إذَا قَدَرَ عليه كَذَا في مُحِيطِ السَّرَخْسِيِّ (الفتاوى الهندية ج 1 ص 143 مكتبة الرشيدية)

وَمَنْ كَانَ فِي السَّفِينَةِ فَإِنْ قَدَرَ عَلَى الْخُرُوجِ إِلَى الشَّطِّ يُسْتَحَبُّ لَهُ الْخُرُوجُ لِيَتَمَكَّنَ مِنَ الْقِيَامِ وَالرُّكُوعِ وَالسُّجُودِ، وَإِنْ صَلَّى فِي السَّفِينَةِ أَجْزَأَهُ لِوُجُودِ شَرَائِطِهَا

[4]  (مِنْ فَرَائِضُهَا) الَّتِي لَا تَصِحُّ بِدُونِهَا (التَّحْرِيمَةُ) قَائِمًا (وَهِيَ شَرْطٌ)……… (وَمِنْهَا الْقِيَامُ) (الدر المختار من نسخة حاشية ابن عابدين ج 1 ص 442-444 أيج أيم سعيد)

[5] “صلاة الفرض” والواجب “فيها وهي جارية” حال كونه “قاعدا بلا عذر” به وهو يقدر على الخرج منها “صحيحة عند” الإمام الأعظم “أبي حنيفة” رحمه الله تعالى لكن “بالركوع والسجود” لا بالإيماء لأن الغالب في القيام دوران الرأس والغالب كالمتحقق لكن القيام فيها والخروج أفضل إن أمكنه لأنه أبعد عن شبهة الخلاف وأسكن لقلبه “وقالا” أي أبو يوسف ومحمد رحمهما الله تعالى “لا تصح” جالسا “إلا من عذر وهو الأظهر”  (مراقي الفلاح ص 155 المكتبة العصرية)

[6]  أَجْمَعُوا أَنَّهُ لو كان بِحَالٍ يَدُورُ رَأْسُهُ لو قام تَجُوزُ الصَّلَاةُ فيها قَاعِدًا كَذَا في الْخُلَاصَةِ  (الفتاوى الهندية ج 1 ص 143 مكتبة الرشيدية)

[7]   ولا تجوز” أي لا تصح الصلاة “فيها بالإيماء” لمن يقدر على الركوع والسجود “اتفاقا” (مراقي الفلاح ص 155 المكتبة العصرية)

[8]  أحسن الفتاوى ج 4 ص 88-89 أيج أيم سعيد

فتاوى محمودية ج 7 ص 532 فاروقية

[9]   والوقت واعتقاد دخوله (نور الإيضاح ص 50 مكتبة العصرية)

أحسن الفتاوى ج 4 ص 71 أيج أيم سعيد

[10]  (وَ) السَّادِسُ (اسْتِقْبَالُ الْقِبْلَةِ) حَقِيقَةً أَوْ حُكْمًا كَعَاجِزٍ، وَالشَّرْطُ حُصُولُهُ لَا طَلَبُهُ، وَهُوَ شَرْطٌ زَائِدٌ لِلِابْتِلَاءِ يَسْقُطُ لِلْعَجْزِ، حَتَّى لَوْ سَجَدَ لِلْكَعْبَةِ نَفْسِهَا كَفَرَ (فَلِلْمَكِّيِّ) وَكَذَا الْمَدَنِيُّ لِثُبُوتِ قِبْلَتِهَا بِالْوَحْيِ (إصَابَةُ عَيْنِهَا) يَعُمُّ الْمُعَايِنَ وَغَيْرَهُ لَكِنْ فِي الْبَحْرِ أَنَّهُ ضَعِيفٌ. وَالْأَصَحُّ أَنَّ مَنْ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهَا حَائِلٌ كَالْغَائِبِ، وَأَقَرَّهُ الْمُصَنِّفُ قَائِلًا: وَالْمُرَادُ بِقَوْلِي فَلِلْمَكِّيِّ مَكِّيٌّ يُعَايِنُ الْكَعْبَةَ (وَلِغَيْرِهِ) أَيْ غَيْرِ مُعَايِنِهَا (إصَابَةُ جِهَتِهَا) بِأَنْ يَبْقَى شَيْءٌ مِنْ سَطْحِ الْوَجْهِ مُسَامِتًا لِلْكَعْبَةِ أَوْ لِهَوَائِهَا، بِأَنْ يُفْرَضَ مِنْ تِلْقَاءِ وَجْهِ مُسْتَقْبِلِهَا حَقِيقَةً فِي بَعْضِ الْبِلَادِ خَطٌّ عَلَى زَوَايَا قَائِمَةٍ إلَى الْأُفُقِ مَارًّا عَلَى الْكَعْبَةِ، وَخَطٌّ آخَرُ يَقْطَعُهُ عَلَى زَاوِيَتَيْنِ قَائِمَتَيْنِ يَمْنَةً وَيَسْرَةً مِنَحٌ. (الدر المختار من نسخة حاشية ابن عابدين ج 1 ص 427-429 أيج أيم سعيد)

أحسن الفتاوى ج 2 ص 313 أيج أيم سعيد

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3 comments on “How do I perform Salah on an aeroplane?

  1. Assalamwalaikum dear Mufti sahib,

    In regards to your comments above:

    “If the aeroplane is experiencing severe turbulence and the Salāh time is about to expire, one may perform Salāh sitting on the ground.[6]”

    But if the plane is experiencing severe turbulence, it is not possible to sit on the ground. One is required to fasten the seat belt and remain on the seat. So how would one apply this ruling above?

    Jazakallahu Khair for you clarification

    W/Salam
    MR

    • Wa Alaykum Salaam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuhu,

      Respected brother,

      I make dua you are well.

      Your comment is valid. This mas’ala may be practised upon when is out of his seat and on the verge of salaah. The point of the mas’ala is to highlight the fact that only in such a situation can one sit and perform salaah.

      However, if one is on his seat, he will obviously not be allowed off his seat.

      Faraz

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