Question:

Is it necessary to verbally respond to all the Adhans that I hear?

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. 

The Answer:

It is not necessary to verbally respond to all the Adhans you hear. It is encouraged to verbally respond to the first Adhan. If one responds to all the Adhans, it will be rewarding and praiseworthy.

And Allah Ta’ālā Knows Best

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وَفِي فَتْحِ الْقَدِيرِ إنَّ إجَابَةَ الْإِقَامَةِ مُسْتَحَبَّةٌ وَفِي غَيْرِهِ أَنَّهُ يَقُولُ إذَا سَمِعَ قَدْ قَامَتْ الصَّلَاةُ أَقَامَهَا اللَّهُ وَأَدَامَهَا وَفِي التَّفَارِيقِ إذَا كَانَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ أَكْثَرُ مِنْ مُؤَذِّنٍ أَذَّنُوا وَاحِدًا بَعْدَ وَاحِدٍ فَالْحُرْمَةُ لِلْأَوَّلِ وَسُئِلَ ظَهِيرُ الدِّينِ عَمَّنْ سَمِعَ فِي وَقْتٍ مِنْ جِهَاتٍ مَاذَا عَلَيْهِ قَالَ إجَابَةُ أَذَانِ مَسْجِدِهِ بِالْفِعْلِ وَفِي فَتْحِ الْقَدِيرِ وَهَذَا لَيْسَ مِمَّا نَحْنُ فِيهِ إذْ مَقْصُودُ السَّائِلِ أَيُّ مُؤَذِّنٍ يُجِيبُ بِاللِّسَانِ اسْتِحْبَابًا أَوْ وُجُوبًا وَاَلَّذِي يَنْبَغِي إجَابَةُ الْأَوَّلِ سَوَاءٌ كَانَ مُؤَذِّنَ مَسْجِدِهِ أَوْ غَيْرَهُ؛ لِأَنَّهُ حَيْثُ سَمِعَ الْأَذَانَ نُدِبَ لَهُ الْإِجَابَةُ أَوْ وَجَبَتْ عَلَى الْقَوْلَيْنِ وَفِي الْقُنْيَةِ سَمِعَ الْأَذَانَ وَهُوَ يَمْشِي فَالْأَوْلَى أَنْ يَقِفَ سَاعَةً وَيُجِيبَ. وَعَنْ عَائِشَةَ – رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا – إذَا سَمِعَ الْأَذَانَ فَمَا عَمِلَ بَعْدَهُ فَهُوَ حَرَامٌ وَكَانَتْ تَضَعُ مِغْزَلَهَا وَإِبْرَاهِيمُ الصَّائِغُ يُلْقِي الْمِطْرَقَةَ مِنْ وَرَائِهِ وَرَدَّ خَلَفٌ شَاهِدًا لِاشْتِغَالِهِ بِالنَّسِيجِ حَالَةَ الْأَذَانِ وَعَنْ السَّلْمَانِيِّ كَانَ الْأُمَرَاءُ يُوقِفُونَ أَفْرَاسَهُمْ لَهُ وَيَقُولُونَ كُفُّوا. اهـ. (البحر الرائق ج 1 ص 274)