Is The Profit and Loss Account Used For Zakat Calculation?
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.
A company’s Profit and Loss Account is irrelevant for Zakat calculation. A company may have had a net loss but yet be required to pay Zakat. Zakat is not dependent on profits; rather, Zakat is calculated on the current Zakatable assets of a company. Therefore, to calculate Zakat, a company will use the Balance Sheet to determine net Zakatable assets in the company.
And Allah Ta’ālā Alone Knows Best
Mufti Faraz Adam
The views and opinions expressed in this answer belong only to the author and do not in any way represent or reflect the views of any institutions to which he may be affiliated.
Arguments and ideas propounded in this answer are based on the juristic interpretations and reasoning of the author. Given that contemporary issues and interpretations of contemporary issues are subjective in nature, another Mufti may reach different conclusions to the one expressed by the author. Whilst every effort has been taken to ensure total accuracy and soundness from a Shari’ah perspective, the author is open to any correction or juristic guidance. On the event of any juristic shortcomings, the author will retract any or all of the conclusions expressed within this answer.
The Shari’ah ruling given herein is based specifically on the scenario in question. The author bears no responsibility towards any party that acts or does not act on this answer and is exempted from any and all forms of loss or damage. This answer may not be used as evidence in any court of law without prior written consent from the author. Consideration is only given and is restricted to the specific links provided, the author does not endorse nor approve of any other content the website may contain.